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基于区块链的新能源充电桩共享管理方案
信息技术与网络安全
匡图上青1,祁 宏1,周盛文1,段桂华1,段红松2
(1.中南大学 计算机学院,湖南 长沙410012;2.中国电子科技集团公司第四十八研究所,湖南 长沙410111)
摘要: 近些年在国家大力推进下,新能源充电桩和电动车领域发展迅猛,但也存在交易信息被泄露,企业间数据难以共享,用户充电体验感差等负面情况。基于以上问题,提出了一套基于区块链的新能源充电管理方案,利用区块链去中心化,数据加密等特性,在区块链底层上利用比特币,联合表征推荐算法等技术,建立联盟链模块,充电币模块,推荐模块三个模块,提出一套基于区块链的分布式新能源电动车充电管理方案。实践证明,该方案可以较好地解决上述问题。
中图分类号: TP309
文献标识码: A
DOI: 10.19358/j.issn.2096-5133.2021.03.011
引用格式: 匡图上青,祁宏,周盛文,等. 基于区块链的新能源充电桩共享管理方案[J].信息技术与网络安全,2021,40(3):60-66,71.
New energy charging pile shared charging management scheme based on blockchain
Kuangtu Shangqing1,Qi Hong1,Zhou Shengwen1,Duan Guihua1,Duan Hongsong2
(1.School of Computer,Central South University,Changsha 410012,China; 2.The 48th Research Institute of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation,Changsha 410111,China)
Abstract: In recent years, under the vigorous promotion of the state, the fields of new energy charging piles and electric vehicles have developed rapidly, but there are also negative situations such as leakage of transaction information, difficulty in sharing data between enterprises, and poor user charging experience. Based on the above problems, the article proposes a new energy charging management plan based on blockchain, using the characteristics of blockchain such as decentralization and data encryption, using Bitcoin on the bottom of the blockchain and joint representation recommendation algorithm and other technologies, three modules including alliance chain module, charging coin module and recommendation module are established, and a set of distributed new energy electric vehicle charging management scheme based on blockchain is proposed. Practice has proved that this scheme can better solve the above-mentioned problems.
Key words : blockchain;charging coin;recommendation algorithm;charging pile;new energy

0 引言

2020年,中国提出“新基建”方案,新能源电动车及其充电桩作为七大建设内容之一后[1],新能源电动车的产品市场高速增长,预计到2020年结束,中国各类电动汽车保有量将超过500万辆[2],电动车及其充电桩市场发展迅速,但也存在大量问题,出现了有车无桩,有桩无电;充电设施无人监管,企业监管成本高,政府难以监管;充电设施企业品牌繁杂,企业间难以共享资源和数据,造成行业壁垒;用户找不到合适的充电桩,充电程序繁琐;交易信息不透明,隐私数据难以得到保护;闲置私人充电桩未被利用,造成社会资源浪费等一系列负面情况。




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作者信息:

匡图上青1,祁  宏1,周盛文1,段桂华1,段红松2

(1.中南大学 计算机学院,湖南 长沙410012;2.中国电子科技集团公司第四十八研究所,湖南 长沙410111)


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